Check out the sigilization work of AO SPARE, and then take a look at this work on Sigil Extension, here: http://niaskotl.tumblr.com/tagged/sigil+extension
In this system, the primary sigil acts as a “Home Term,” with associated connotations branching off of it. The same can be done with simple linguistics, and thought I can’t remember anything about it specifically, off the top of my head, something keeps telling me to tell you to look at John Dee’s Enochian Grammar.
Hebraic Gematria works really well as a basis for this, as well, ass it becomes a rules-governed mathematical system, wherein all you need to know is the concept you want to to covey, and some basic numerical designations: http://vimeo.com/86376888
That’s all I got off the top of my head, but I think it should be enough to get you started. 🙂