In Nuu-chah-nulth, the word tsawalk means “one.” It expresses the view that all living things — humans, plants, and animals — form part of an integrated whole brought into harmony through constant negotiation and mutual respect for the other. Contemporary environmental and political crises, however, reflect a world out of balance, a world in which Western approaches for sustainable living are not working.

E. Richard Atleo (Umeek) published by University of British Columbia Press. Principles of Tsawalk: An Indigenous Approach to Global Crisis,